East Africa encompasses Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda, with Burundi and Rwanda less known members of the East African Community.
In colonial years Kenya was known as British East Africa while Tanzania was German East Africa.
Formerly known as Tanganyika the name changed to Tanzania after amalgamation with Zanzibar in 1964.
Lake Victoria, named after Queen Victoria by the explorer John Speke in 1858 lies mainly in Tanzania and Uganda but also borders Kenya, is one of the Great African Lakes and the source of the White Nile.
The two tallest mountains on the African continent are found in East Africa: Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania and Mount Kenya in Kenya.
Lake Tanganyika, on Tanzania's western border, is the second deepest lake on the earth, after Lake Baikal in Siberia.
Tanzanite, discovered by a Maasai warrior in 1967, is now one of the most precious stones in the world and is only found in Tanzania.